Candles
Soaps
Handcraft
Catalog
Wax
Wick
Candle Types
Candle making
Candle Safety
FAQ
Jobs
Advertisement
Contact Us
Site Map


Container

 

Any candle that is poured into a container of any type, such as jars, glasses, tins, etc. Container candles create a large pool of molten wax. Because they "contain" the wax, they are non-messy and very popular. They are also known for giving off a strong scent, which is due to their melt pools.


Floater

 

A small candle shaped with a rounded or tapered bottom so it floats in water. Floaters must be designed to core burn so that the wax stays contained and doesn't run into the water.


Gel Candle

 

Clear or translucent candles made of candle gel. Candle gel is a patented material comprised of mineral oil and a polymer resin.


Hurricane

 

Candle shell mold used for dried flowers & other decorations. Leaves the center of the mold hollow, to be filled with wax not containing the flowers. The outside shell doesn't burn so the flowers don't float into the flame. These can be refilled over and over. Or you can insert a votive or tea light candle in the shell.


Layered Candles

 

Pillars or containers that are layered in 2 or more different colors.


Luminaries

 

Candle lanterns usually made with a votive cup set inside a paper bag full of sand, and used to line a driveway or sidewalk.


Molded / Novelty

 

These are irregularly-shaped, free standing candles made by molding, sculpting and/or pouring into a shaped mold. Many are made to be burned, and many are used more for decoration and are not meant to be burnt.


Oil Candle

 

Glass container filled with liquid paraffin fuel, burned with a fiberglass wick.


Pillar

 

A free standing candle usually round and tall like a cylinder, but can be made in other shapes such as square, hexagon, triangle, star, heart, etc. These are made in metal, acrylic or latex molds and are meant to be burned on a flat holder.


Sand Candle

 

Free standing candle with an outer shell made of sand & wax. Damp sand forms the mold in which hot wax is poured to make this type of candle.


Sculpted Candle

 

Made from a pliable wax and hand formed to resemble an object or character.


Taper

 

Taper candles are tall, skinny candles that require a special fitting taper candle holder. They are either made in a mold, or they can be made by the traditional method of dipping a length of wick into hot molten wax. Another method is to roll a sheet of beeswax around a wick, forming a taper. The most common size is 1/2 or 7/8 inch in diameter and either 9 or 12 inches tall.


Tea light

 

Tea lights are like small votives used to warm pots of potpourri and to heat foods. They fit are poured in small metal or plastic tea light cups and are usually sold in packages of 10 or 12.


Votive

 

These are small pillar shaped candles that are usually about 1½ inch in diameter and 2-3 inches high. They are designed to be burned in a glass votive cup because they are made to completely liquefy when burning, essentially becoming a small container candle. A candle flame must have a pool of fuel (molten wax) to draw from, so if you burn a votive on a flat holder or a plate, the burning time will be shorter because the candle will loose it's shape and basically become a puddle, drowning out the wick. The tighter fitting glass cups work best.


Tart / Melt

 

Small disc of scented wax used to melt in a potpourri or tart burner or melter. These are usually round 2.5" scalloped and fluted, but can also come in other shapes such as hearts, leaves, stars, etc.


Color & Scenting

 

You can buy wax dye in either solid (blocks, chips or flakes), powdered or liquid form at a craft or online supply company . How much to use depends on the amount of wax, type of wax and how dark you want your candle. Try testing the color by dripping a little bit of the melted wax onto a white piece of paper and letting it dry. This should give you an idea of the finished color, but remember the actual color will be darker than what appears on the paper. You can also pour a little bit into a dixie cup and put it in the freezer to dry it fast so you can see the finished color.


 

Pre-blended waxes are very opaque and usually require more dye to get a deep color. Make sure to test burn every new combination of wax/color/scent you use, as sometimes really dark colors may require a larger wick.


 

Many people believe crayons can also be used to color candles, but we would not recommend this unless the candle is for decoration only and will not be burned. Crayons contain pigments that will clog the wick and drown out the flame, giving you a poor burning candle.


Scenting

 

Fragrance oils (commonly referred to as FO's) for candlemaking can be purchased at many candlemaking supply shops, craft shops and specialty fragrance companies. It is best to use oils that are specifically made for use in candles, as the quality of the oil will effect the appearance and burning of the candle. The "potpourri refresher" oils sold commonly in grocery and drug stores are not as well suited for candlemaking and may not blend with the wax. The oil you use must be pure oil and have no water or alcohol base (you cannot use perfume or cologne). You will have to experiment with the amount to use depending on how strong you want your candle to smell and the amount of wax you are using. Some candlemakers measure their oils in percentages and use anywhere from 3 to 10% fragrance per pound of wax, some measure in tablespoons and use from 1 to 3 tablespoons per pound, and some measure in ounces and use from 1/2 oz. to 1.5 oz. per pound. Standard amount is 1 ounce per pound with most oils.


.5 oz (by weight) = approx. 3% (or 1 tablespoon by volume)

   

1 oz (by weight) = approx. 6% (or 2 tablespoons by volume)

   

1.5 oz (by weight) = approx. 9% (or 3 tablespoons by volume)

   

 

Essential oils (commonly referred to as EO's) are all natural oils derived from plants and flowers and are not artificially composed like fragrance oils. They are sometimes more concentrated and stronger than many fragrance oils, and in other cases they may not be as strong as their synthetic counterparts. Most EO's are also much more expensive than FO's. There are many differing opinions as to whether EO's can be used in candles due to their ability to bind with the wax. Some candlemakers have success with them, but many have said they do not blend and burn well. Many of these oils have medicinal properties and some must be handled very carefully. EO's have effects on the brain when inhaled, and some cannot be used on the skin unless diluted with a carrier oil. It is best to read up on the subject before trying it. And always test burn your candles before you give them as a gift or sell them!